Diabetes is defined as a group of metabolic disorders described by high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or passage or detection of sugar in urine. There are mainly two types of diabetes, Type 1 diabetes in which the beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed by one’s own immune system. Type 2 diabetes which is mainly caused due to insulin resistance where the cells of the body fail to respond to the insulin correctly.
Diabetes is a chronic disorder which if not treated may be life-threatening. It is the leading cause of mortality in the world as it causes heart damage leading to cardiovascular diseases.
There are also other types of diabetes such as Gestational diabetes (diabetes caused during pregnancy) and Type 1.5 diabetes (which is still not accepted but studies have shown that it may exist).
Diet for Diabetes: Superfoods that you should eat!
Following are the foods rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fiber that can help prevent diabetes.
Glycemic Index and Diabetes
The glycemic index (GI), measures how a carbohydrate food increases blood glucose. The Glycemic Index (GI) ranks foods on a scale from 0 to 100, with glucose or white bread as the reference food (GI of 100). Foods with a higher GI value cause a more significant increase in blood glucose levels compared to those with medium or low GI values. When planning meals with the GI in mind, it’s advisable to opt for foods with low or medium GI ratings. In case you consume a high-GI food, combining it with low-GI foods can help maintain a balanced meal.
GI index of common foods
Here are some food examples categorized by their Glycemic Index (GI):
Low GI Foods (55 or less)
Medium GI (56-69)
High GI (70 or more)
Diet for Diabetes: Create Your Plate in 7 steps (as per ADA)
Dos and Don’ts for diabetics