Reviving Masculine Vitality: Sildenafil’s Power against Impotence

Reviving Masculine Vitality: Sildenafil’s Power against Impotence

An Overview of Erectile Dysfunction

  • Erectile dysfunction (ED) is also known as male impotence or simply as impotence
  • Men are said to suffer from Erectile dysfunction if he is persistently not able to achieve or maintain a firm and strong erection of the penis for a longer duration of time during sexual intercourse.
  • The treatment of erectile dysfunction depends on the cause which can be physical or psychological.

Sildenafil citrate

  • Sildenafil citrate was the first PDE-5 inhibitor approved for treating ED in the year 1998 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • Post six months of its approval by FDA, millions of prescription were written for Sildenafil citrate.
  • It belongs to class of drugs known as phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors
  • It is a potent PDE-5 inhibitor.
  • Sildenafil citrate is a prescription based drug.
  • Sildenafil Citrate is not a habit forming drug.

Mechanism of Action

The enzyme PDE-5 is present in large amount inside penis. The sildenafil citrate enhances the levels of the cGMP by inhibiting its degradation by phosphodiesterase type 5 enzyme. The functions of cGMP are relaxation of smooth muscles and dilation of blood vessels inside the penis. The dilated blood vessels increase the blood flow to the penis. This increased blood flow to the penis produces a firm and strong erection of the penis for satisfactory sexual intercourse.

Onset of action and Duration of effect

The time it takes for the medicine to take effect can vary among patients. On average, the duration of its effect lasts for approximately 4 hours.

Dosing Instructions

  • The usual recommended dose of Sildenafil citrate is 100mg daily.
  • This medicine is to taken with a glass of water 45 to 60 minutes before sexual intercourse.
  • You can take this medicine with or without food.
  • Do not exceed the dose and duration of the treatment with this medicine than advised by doctor.

Precautions and Warnings

  • Before starting this medicine tell your complete medical history to your doctor.
  • This medicine should not be consumed by the patients with a history of allergy to Sildenafil Citrate or any other PDE-5 inhibitor.
  • Do not take this medicine with nitrates and other blood pressure lowering medicines.
  • Avoid any activity that requires high degree of mental alertness as this medicine can cause mild dizziness
  • Alcohol, grapefruit juice and meals rich in fat content should be avoided while taking Sildenafil citrate.
  • Use of Sildenafil citrate is not recommended in pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Common Side effects

Common side-effects of Sildenafil citrate which subside after stopping the medicine include:

  • Pain in head, back and muscles
  • Vision changes
  • Diarrhea
  • Flushing
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Skin rash

Steps to be followed in case of missed dose-

  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember.
  • Skip the missed dose if it’s almost time for the next scheduled dose.
  • Do not take an extra dose to compensate for a missed dose.

Steps to be followed in case of an overdose-

Seek immediate medical help if you experience the following overdose symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Sudden hearing loss
  • Sudden vision loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Swelling of face, lips, and tongue
  • An erection that lasts for more than four hours and becomes painful is considered prolonged and requires immediate medical attention.

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