Malaria is a critical disease, which can be life-threatening. It is common in tropical regions; malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium spp. It kills more than 445,000 people a year and several children in Africa. In the USA, the frequency of malaria cases is low; however, Americans can get the disease if they travel to other parts of the world. Therefore, due to immigrants or travellers around 1,600 cases get registered every year. However, malaria is life-threatening; however, it is treatable.
There is a total of five types of Plasmodium species that can infect humans. Besides, few strains of plasmodium are resistant to medicines that treat malaria. This disease is vector-borne, which means it transmits through the biting of infected female Anopheles mosquito.
Types of Malaria
There is a total of five species of malaria. Two strains are dangerous:
Symptoms of malaria
Symptoms for malaria start from 10-15 days after the infected mosquito bites a person. The initial symptoms are fever, shaking chills, and sweating. Other symptoms are:
Usually, a blood test helps to detect malaria. However, your doctor will ask you about your medical history and any recent travel for physical examination.
Performing a blood test will help to determine:
Treatment of malaria
Treatment of malaria depends on various factors such as:
Medications that doctor’s recommended
1. Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine: Your doctor may advise this drug to treat malaria. If you do not have any severe symptoms, and if you’re in an area where the parasite has not shown resistance to chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine.
2. Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT): This is a combinational drug that works in different ways. This therapy helps in treating mild to moderate malaria symptoms or as part of a treatment plan for severe cases of malaria.
3. Atovaquone-proguanil, artemether-lumefantrine: These combinations are other alternative drugs to treat malaria in regions where the parasite is showing resistance to chloroquine. These drugs are suitable for children as well.
4. Mefloquine: Mefloquine is a drug, which is another alternative if chloroquine does not work. However, there are various side effects of this drug. This drug helps people with complicated malaria.